People are flying like never before, with passengers moving in record numbers through airport terminals across the country.
That’s good news for the airline and tourism industry but not for the travelers who endure longer and longer wait times at airport screening checkpoints, most of which are run by the federal Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
It’s no surprise that passengers are not happy about taking off their shoes and belts and then frequently standing in serpentine queues that can rival those of an amusement park.
But their frustration is growing, particularly as lines in some major airports have exceeded 90 minutes — and that’s before the busy summer travel and vacation season hits.
The industry trade group, Airlines for America, has tapped into the discontent and has launched a website called iHateTheWait.com. The idea is to encourage travelers to post photos of long lines on Twitter and Instagram with the hashtag #iHateTheWait – but with the caveat not to show pictures of TSA screening officers for privacy and security reasons.
The solution for long lines was supposed to be the PreCheck program, which allows passengers to go through express lines after successfully completing a TSA approval process.
The problem is that only about 9.3 million people have enrolled in PreCheck, and that includes passengers who have enrolled through Customs and Border Protection’s Global Entry plan. TSA says it needs about 25 million people to be enrolled in the advance vetting program to meet their screener staffing models.
Now consider this: a record 895.5 million people flew in the United States last year, breaking the record set in 2014 by 5%, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation. Air travel is expected to go up another 3% this year, experts predict.
Obviously, something needs to change.
TSA officials say they intend to hire close to 800 additional officers, in part to replace staff reductions during recent years. The agency also plans to use more bomb-sniffing dogs.
But that’s not enough.
TSA needs to innovate and think outside the confines of the existing PreCheck program. Agency leaders must recognize that PreCheck was designed as only one aspect of an overall program known as the Risk-Based Security Program.
Here’s some ideas that could work, maybe not at all airports, but certainly at many of them:
- Schedule checkpoint times for groups traveling together and essentially move them through all at once. This could work for airports dealing with conventions, large hotels with similar checkout times and cruise lines. The concept would be like a fast pass at a theme park.
- Again, with large groups, run them through security off-site, possibly at a cruise port, then take them in secure buses to the airport. Or in the alternative, screen people in locations at the airport, but out of the main terminal area, such as at centralized car rental return facilities.
- Do more secure baggage checks off-site. This concept allows TSA to spread the peak in luggage screening.
- Another option would be to expand the risk-based security protocol from the existing parameters of seniors 75 and older, children 12 and younger, and known crew members. Why not include people who are eligible for Social Security, starting at 62?
- Make it easier for people to enroll in PreCheck. TSA’s marketing of the program has been lethargic, at best. Instead of making applicants think they have to trudge out to remote airports, let them know that there are several other locations where they can enroll, including Identigo offices and many H&R Block locations. TSA should also encourage more “mobile enrollment” opportunities, including working with major employers, large hotels and convention centers to offer a sign-up. Another requirement should be that all airlines participate in PreCheck. While the vast majority do, it is frustrating for travelers who are enrolled to find that a particular carrier has opted not to participate.
- And instead of making people produce two forms of government-issued ID, such as a passport or birth certificate for PreCheck, allow them to use their driver’s license if it is compliant with the DHS REAL ID program.
TSA Precheck, along with CBP’s Global Entry, are two of the most innovative and creative programs that our government has offered. They enhance the safety and security of the traveling public, while improving the quality of the passenger screening experience. It is now time for TSA to take a step back and realize that PreCheck is only one part of the overall risk-based security effort….then take a step forward by examining and moving with other forms of risk-based security.